The motherboard connect’s all the parts of a computer (desktop & laptop). It houses sockets for RAM, CPU, and expansion cards. Additionally, it can hook up to
- Hard drives,
- Disk drives, and
- Front panel ports using cables and wires.
Motherboard can also be called a mainboard or planar board, logic board, system board, mobo, MB, or system board. It connects all of the components of a computer and allows the CPU access to and control them. The motherboard ports allow you to connect external devices to your computer. In addition to connecting internal components.
These external devices include –
- Modem, and
- Other USB devices.
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The Motherboard’s Functions
These are the functions of a computer motherboard:
- The motherboard is the core of a computer. It uses to install other modular components. Such as RAM, CPU, hard drives, and memory.
- Additionally, the motherboard acts as a platform from which other devices/interfaces can be installed.
- It is also responsible for distributing power to all components of the computer.
- They also help to coordinate the different devices on the computer and maintain an interface between them.
- There are many sizes in which motherboards are available: BTX and ATX.
The motherboard is also made from plastic and silicon. It acts as the hub of a computer network. It is a complex component that has many ports, slots, and cables. These are some of the most common:
- RAM slots (Random Access Memory) – It is also known as primary memory and can be used to store large amounts of data.
- The HeatSink and CPU Fan – Its primary function is to cool the CPU by absorbing heat that is generated while the system is still running.
- Northbridge – It is also known as Northbridge because of its geographic location.
- Southbridge – This controls the Output and Input functions.
- Capacitors – Data storage
- Resistor – Data storage
- CMOS battery(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) – Backup power from a battery
- PCI Slots(Peripheral Component Interconnect) – Connects to the peripherals.
- SATA cables (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) – Transfer of data
- BIOS (Basic Input Output Systems) – This controls the basic input/output functions.
- Processor – The main component of data processing.
- AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) –Display graphics on the screen
- IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) –This is used for data transfer.
- Processor socket – To insert or remove the processor.
- Integrated Circuits (IC) –Data processing and storage.
Parts of a Motherboard
You would be very confused if you tried to take apart the motherboard from your computer. It might look something like the following depending on your computer’s make and model.
You don’t have to be familiar with every part of the motherboard in order to understand how computers work. It is helpful to be familiar with the most important parts and how they connect the different parts of a computer. These are the most common parts.
- A CPU socket is the actual CPU that is soldered directly onto the socket. High-speed CPUs produce a lot of heat so there are heat sinks next to the socket.
- A power connector that distributes power to the CPU, and other components.
- Slots that hold the main memory of the system, usually in the form DRAM chips.
- The chip acts as an interface between the main memory, the CPU, and other components. This is often referred to as the Northbridge on many motherboard types. The chip also has a large heat sink.
- The input and output (I/O), functions are controlled by a second chip. It is connected to the Northbridge, but not directly to the CPU. This I/O controller is known as the Southbridge. The chipset combines Northbridge and Southbridge.
- There are several connectors that provide physical connectivity between the motherboard and input and output devices. These connections are handled by Southbridge.
- Slots to hold files on one or more hard drives. The most popular connections are Integrated Drive Electronics, (IDE), and Serial Advanced Technology Attachment.
- A read-only memory chip (ROM) that contains the firmware or the startup instructions for the computer’s system. Also known as the BIOS.
- A slot is a place to store a video card or graphics card. There are many types of slots available, including Accelerated.
The motherboard is the most crucial feature to consider when building a custom-built PC. The motherboard is the main circuit intersection of the computer. It houses plugs for processors and memory cards as well as cache and other peripheral expansion slots. All the controlling power is present in the motherboard. And it controls the computer’s working capabilities by the person who builds it manufacturer, the consumer.
Computer evolution is accelerating, but a well-chosen motherboard performs where you think it’s most important.
Computer World reports that consumers can choose the motherboard that best suits their needs. Simply put, you can save money by not purchasing the most recent features on your motherboard. Your choice of the motherboard can have a significant impact on how long your system will run at its best in an ever-changing computer world.
You should also consider how it will fit in with other components such as graphics cards, processors, memory, and ports for peripherals. A bad motherboard can affect the compatibility and functionality of these components
A reliable motherboard can extend the life of your computer and help you save money on peripheral parts.
The motherboard itself can be upgraded. The computer requirements of a consumer change. A consumer can replace a motherboard. However, it is important to make sure that the components that were plugged in are compatible with the new board.
Video game software, for example, requires a higher processor processing speed. This would lead a consumer to narrow his search for motherboards that have this capability. A well-chosen motherboard can allow users to upgrade peripheral components without having to buy a new motherboard. A versatile motherboard can provide a great return on investment in these times.
Consumers can modify motherboards to fit their own needs and budget.
Computer users can upgrade and replace any component of their self-built systems with just a few screws and know-how. This allows consumers to adapt to changing times. He can access the most current motherboards if his needs change rapidly.
Consumers with fewer computer requirements and tighter budgets can choose the component that they want to replace with their existing motherboard. An adaptable, well-designed motherboard can allow users to upgrade their computer using an expansion slot instead of a new motherboard.
Manufacturers that are popular
These are the top motherboard manufacturers:
It’s really important to know about motherboards if you are a technical person. Especially if you are an IT engineer (hardware or software).